Cultural Tours in Tanzania

hadza peopleCultural Tours in Tanzania Babati and Hanang Baabati district is located along the Arusha-Dodoma road in the Rift Valley, south of Lake Manyara Park and west of Tarangire. In both Babati and the nearby Hanang district, the people follow their tribal culture and traditions closely and visitors can mix freely with them to observe their lifestyle. The area also has a rich birdlife with over 400 species.

The highlights of a tour to the area are:

• A special Barbaig cultural insight hike

• An exclusive Mount Hanang climb

• A fishing adventure with local canoes on Lake Babati while viewing hippos

• A chance to participate in local brick and pottery making and beer brewing

• A visit to development projects like cattle and goat dairy farming piped water project bio-gas energy project Cycling expedition through remote areas

There are various tour options:

Half day tour You visit Managhat village, original home of the Gorowa tribe, to huts and optionally a Killer Bee-keeping Project at the bottom of Mount Kwaraa.

One day tour You walk to Manghat village and climb Bambaay Hill from where you see the beautiful Rift Valley landscape with Lake Babati and Lake Manyara and the Maasai Steppe to the east. Later visit a respected Gorowa tribesman Mzee Kwaraa for an insight on Gorowa culture, marriage ceremonies, rain prayers, burial, religious and circumcision rituals.

Optionally, you can row, fish and view hippos on Lake Babati using local canoes. Three day special Barbaig tour This tour enables you to mix with the Barbaig tribal and gain cultural insight on their marriage procedures burial rites local taboos, way of making ornaments and goatskin dresses, and their daily activities. Try to herd cattle or fetch water the Barbaig way and take pictures with them. Mountain Hanang trekking tour and God’s Bridge walk are other interesting options. All tours can be combined and cycling expeditions organized on request. For birdwatchers, exclusive safaris are designed. A combination of national park and cultural safari is possible. Getting there: A regular bus service operates between Arusha and Babati starting at 7:30 am. It takes about 4 hours (2 hours by private car) to reach Babati centre. (Income from tourist visits will be used to rehabilitate the primary school.)

Engaruka Engaruka, situated 63 km north of Mto wa Mbu, on the road to Oldoinyo Lengai and Lake Natron lies at the foot of the Rift Valley escarpment. It is an important historic site as some 500 years ago, a farming community of several thousands people chose to develop and ingenious irrigation and cultivation system here. For unknown reasons the farmers left Engaruka around 1700 but the ruins talk volumes about the highly specialized agricultural economy.

The people of Engaruka offer visitors the following attractions:

• A guided visit to one of the oldest African irrigation systems

• A visit to the Maasai cattle market • A visit to a Maasai Boma

• Walking safaris in an area of outstanding beauty

• A look at the local community life

There are various guided tour options:

Half day tours

1. Visit to the ruined city You can see the remnants of the ruined city of Engaruka. The guide will help you to identify old graves, house walls irrigation canals and terraces, and explain the various theories about the rise and fall of the farming community. Enjoy enroute the colourful birds and butterflies, remnants of the German era and also visit an orpul or Maasai slaughter-house.

2. Engaruka farming tour From the ruins, walk to the village of Engaruka. Enroute visit several farms and learn about various farming and irrigation methods. The guide will throw light on the tribal background of the village. On the way back, visit the market area located in the shade of an African tulip tree and a huge mkuyu tree.

3. Rift valley escarpment tour From the ruined city, narrow footpaths wind up the Rift Valley escarpment. Climb the escarpment guided by a Maasai warrior, who will help you spot many colourful birds and show you trees and plants that the Maasai use for making food and medicines. One day tour Kerimasi mountain climb North of Engaruka is the green mountain of Kerimasi. The climb takes three to four hours from the foot to the summit. From the top, you see impressive views of Oldoinyo Lengai, Lake Natron the Ngorongoro highlands and the mountains of Kitumbeine and Gelai. The descent takes about two hours. Two days tour Hike to Oldoinyo Lengai Conquer Oldonyo Lengai or the mountain of God in Maasai parlance.

On the first day you climb Kerimasi Mountain and descend on the north side to camp at the foot of Oldoinyo Lengai the only active volcano in Tanzania. On the morning of the second day start the 4-5 hour climb to the top, where you can even enter the crater to watch the volcano activity. The descent takes about 1/2 hours. Getting there: From Arusha take a bus to Mto wa Mbu. In the late afternoon, 4*4 cars drive you down the 63 km to Engaruka. From Arusha to Engaruka takes roughly 4 hours. (Income from tourist visits will be used to improve the local primary school and for conservation of the ruined city)

Ilkiding`a The village of Ilking`a at the foot of Mt. Meru where the sounds of rivers birds and people are in harmony, offers a view into the culture of the Wa-arusha tribe.

The following is on offer:

• A visit to a local traditionally built household to get an idea of how an extended family lives together

• A walk through coffee plantations and open fields where potatoes, cabbages, maize beans and other cash crops are cultivated by the villagers

• A visit to the traditional healer who is ready to answer all your questions and give advice if needed

• A visit to the craftsmen making small wooden stools, jewelers, knives and traditional clothing

• A traditional meal prepared by the Mainyoito Women’s Group at one of the households

• A visit to the primary school where money generated from tourism as Development Fees is used to rehabilitate the school

• The pleasure of impressive viewpoints overlooking Arusha town, hiking along narrow footpaths crossing a canyon and climbing small hills

You can take a half day tour, full day tour or a 3 day south-west Meru cultural hike. A fourth option is an 8-hour walking trip from Arusha to the starting point where you connect with the full day tour. Half day tour This includes a visit to Sembeos Boma where you get a glimpse of village life. Thereon, walk through fields of crops, visit a traditional heater head to the Njeche canyon and end with a traditional meal at the Mainuotto Women’s Group. Full day tour This includes a trail through the fields a visit to Sembeo`s Boma and crossing the Ngarenaro river to reach Leloto viewpoint. Head to the Maasai Craftsmen Group and end the tour with a traditional meal at the Mainyoito Women’s Group. 3 day hike On the first day, walk uphill to Sembeo`s Boma. Gross Ngarenaro river and walk through Milkhasi Forest to Timbolo to spend the night. Next day cross the Ngareolmotonyi river and walk uphill to Olkokola and further on to likurot to spend the night. On the third day walk to Muklat and Ngaramtoni for the weekly Maasai market. After lunch walk or drive back to Arusha. Getting there: Ilkiding`a village lies 7 km north of Arusha town a 20-minute drive. At Mianziani junction, cars can be hired. Walking is also possible but it will take you 2 hours to reach the starting point of tour. (Income from tourist visits will be used to improve the primary school and support Orphanage centers.)

Ilkurot Ilkurot is situated about 20 km west of Arusha town. The following is on offer under this programmed:

A visit to a Maasai boma to see the traditional houses and lifestyle of the Maasai A visit to a Maasai holy tree where the Maasai offer sacrifices as part of rituals A traditional Maasai meal prepared by Maasai ladies Delicacies include nyama choma or barbequed meat green vegetables, herbal tea coffee, fresh milk cassava sweet potato, bread, eggs and fruits. A five-day safari, during which you can hire a camel or donkey to view animals – giraffe, zebra, rabbit, hyena, Thomson’s gazelle and dik dik and birds and watch the Maasai graze their cattle in scenic pastures. Watch Maasai dances, groups of artisans and their handicrafts, traditional healers and bee-keepers. Visit to the Kilimamoto crater, Ngorora hill, waterfalls, valleys and Mt. Meru. Getting familiar with Swahili and Maasai terminology Talks with local society members A visit to a Maasai women’s handicraft group that makes ornaments from beads and natural products

Tours at Ilkurot can be divided into three excursion categories:

1. Half day walking tour

2. Full day walking tour

3. Three or five day walking safari The visitor can choose any of the above options. (Note: those wishing to stay overnight need to bring or hire camping equipment.)

Getting there: From Arusha there are several public buses to Ngaramtoni. From there take another bus to Oldonyo Sambu; on the way get off at Sitau and look out for the Ilkurot signboard. (Income from guest’s visits will be used to support the Ilkurot community and the preservation of the Maasai culture.)

Kisangara Visit the Kisangara cultural Tourism site 62 km south-east of Moshi in the shadow of Mount Kilimanjaro and the Pare Mountains. High on the mountains protected by natural forests this inhabited by the people of Pare

The following activities are on offer:

• A visit to workshops involved in carpentry brick-making and brewing local beet

• A visit to a sisal factory

• Spice tour cooking traditional dishes weaving household items and dancing with local women’s groups

• Hiking tour up Mount Kindoroko with forestry activities

• A visit to the Lembeni Herbal Hospital

• Fishing expeditions at Nyumba ya Mungu dam

• A visit to a farming project where you can learn and participate in the various farming technologies

Half and full day tours can be organized to suit your passion:

Half day tours

1. Carpentry, bricks and beer tour This tour takes you first to the carpentry workshop where you can participate in the making of various items. From there visit a brick factory to witness the entire process of brick-making. Fishing with a visit to the local beer-brewing unit where the drink is prepared from sugarcane.

2. Lembeni Herbal Hospital tour Talk to doctors and patients and learn about the various herbal medicines used to treat different diseases. Full day tours 1. Kindoroko Mountains tour This hike starts from the Center and takes you through the lush forest. Ascend to the top for panoramic views of Mount Kilimanjaro, Mount Meru Lake Jipe and Nyumba ya Mungu dam. Tree planting and a visit to a tree nursery can be included on request.

2. Spice tour Go to the spice and herbal gardens. Once back at the Center, participate in the preparation of a traditional meal flavored with spices. The meal is followed by a cultural interaction with the villagers and local dances.

3. Nyumba ya Mungu Drive to the Nyumba ya Mungu (House of God) dam, the electricity power station. Go on a fishing expedition in a local canoe or just walk along the shores to admire the rich birdlife. Getting there: Kisangara is easily accessible by public transport from Arusha and Dar es Salaam. Get dropped off at Kisangara Chini, 12 km south of Mwanga. From here, ask for the people of the Hasha Project (Income from tourist visits will be used to make primary school desks and thereby improve the quality of education of the local children.)

Longido  – The tour to the extensive plains around Longido Mountains. 80 km north of Arusha features an insight into the traditions of Maasai culture. The lush area is home to rare birds and animals.

The tour includes:

• A nature trail to spot birds

• A climb to the impressive Longido Mountain through a dense natural forest

• Walking safari through the Maasai plains and over the slopes of Longido Mountain

• A visit to a traditional Maasai village

• A tour of historical sites dating back to British colonial times

Tour options

Half day tour Longido is rich in birdlife. Some of the birds seen in this area are starling major red and yellow barbet masked weaver silver bill and secretary bird. A birdwalk through the Maasai plains starting from the town of Longido to the bomas of Ol Tepesi allows you to see birds as well as trees and plants use by the locals to make food and medicines. Later visit a Maasai boma to see the Maasai lifestyle. Full day tour Add to the birdwalk, a walking safari from Ol Tepesi to Kimolouwa along a cattle trail. Gradually climb to an altitude of 1,600 m to get panoramic views of Mt. Kilimanjaro and Mt. Meru. Descend to Kimolouwas green valley of wells and a nearby historic British grave. On Wednesdays, you can extend your stay by visiting the bustling and colorful cattle market. Longido Mountain Climb Day 1 Walk to the campsite of Kimokouwa and go for the full day tour. Day 2 Early next morning follow narrow foot paths through sense natural forests for three hours to reach the beautiful dawa ya sop or medicine soup viewpoint. Another two hours climb leads you to the top of Longido Mountain to enjoy fantastic views of the other mountains of northern Tanzania. The descent back to the campsite takes about three hours. Fishing with a meal with the FARAJA women’s group. Getting there: Longido is on the way to Nairobi. Buses or shared taxis going to Namanga from the Arusha bus stand take 11/2 hours to reach Longido Police Station. Follow the path from here to the co-coordinator’s office.

Machame Machame to the north of the Arusha – Moshi road, is a mosaic of beautiful valleys deep gorges rivers waterfalls and farms and is home to the Chagga people. Explore the life of the people of Mt. Kilimanjaro. The tour includes the following: A warm welcome in a local Chagga household Hikes through dense natural forests and farms for acclimatization along fast flowing streams before climbing the mountain Three different views of snow-capped Mt. Kilimanjaro where local ancient Chagga legends recount tales of an iron hut that brought them strength A visit to several development projects in the area (coffee production, traditional irrigation, a forestation, cross-breeding, bee-keeping schools, health care, food processing, etc) There are various tours designed by the p0rople of Machame: Sieny-Ngira tour (4-6 hours) The tour starts from the Machame Cultural Tourism Centre (Kyalia) and takes you through Kalali market to Masama. Seiny catchments forest historically a sacred place of natural forests, bridges and caves where local people worshipped during the traditional festivals. Another attraction is the natural bridge called Daraja la Mungu or Gods Bridge. Nronga tour (5 hours) Walk uphill from Kyalia to Nronga village. Visit the milk purification center run by women and the Kalali women’s group specializing in cheese-making. If your visit is on a Monday you can enjoy the colorful weekly market. Environmental tour (5 hours) Get a glimpse of how the locals make pottery for food and water storage. The guide will explain how the conservation activities such as rainwater harvesting undertaken in the area are ideal for a rural setting Nkuu tour (5-8 hours) From Kyalia walk through fertile banana and coffee farmlands and learn about an intensive inter-cropping system of mixed crop farming. Also participate in cooking a traditional Chagga meal before return. Mfuranungun view point (6-8 hours) See Moshi town Lake Nyumba ya Mungu (House of God) and learn about horticultural practice at Nkwewele. Hike to Marukeni before descending to the river Semira rich in trout. Ng`uni hike (2 days) The Seiny-Ngira tour can be combined with a hike to Nguni. At learn to build the oldest Chagga traditional house called Mbii. Meet Mzee Urassa who will brief you on stingless bee-keeping. Lyamungo tour (2-3 days) The tour starts at Kyalia and leads you to Lyamungo village where you can learn about coffee production. Visit the Narumu Women Pottery Centre natural forest and the source of the Weruweru river. (Note: Tours can be undertaken on foot but transport can be organized on request.)

Getting there

Machame is to the north of the Arusha-Moshi road and accessible easily by public transport. Get off at Machame junction, about 12 km from Moshi town at the signboard for Machame Gate National Park. From the junction there is a bus every five minutes up to Kyalia – Machame Cultural Tourism Centre at a distance of 14 km. Mamba and Marangu Mamba and Marangu in the Kilimanjaro area have both natural and cultural heritage to offer the visitor. There are more than seven waterfalls in the vicinity, unique flora with tree, flower and fruit nurseries and fauna. Tour the slopes of Mt. Kilimanjaro and ascend to beautiful viewpoints. Tours through Marangu afford panoramic views of Mt .Kilimanjaro. Visit the home and memorial of the late Yohana Lauwo a Marangu native who accompanied Dr. Hans Meyer on the first recorded climb of Kilimanjaro in 1889 and read the original log books of Lauwo. Customised half day, full day or two day walking safaris can be organized. These tours include the Kinukamori and Moonjo falls and a visit to a Chagga house made of straw-roofing. See the first coffee tree planted in Tanzania and climb up Ngangu Hill. A trip to the African Art Centre which houses a collection of ancient and modern sculptures, carvings and paintings, is rewarding. Mamba is a paradise for bird-watchers and nature lovers. Pass historical sites including the Laka Holes – large hiding caves used during the Chagga – Maasai wars, visit a wood carving school and meet a local blacksmith using traditional methods to [prepare spears and tools. Getting there: there are frequent buses from Moshi towards Marangu. The ride from Moshi takes about 45 minutes. Mamba is about 3 km from Marangu.

Mkuru Situated on the north side of Mount Meru not far from the irrigated fields of Ngarenanyuki and the Momela gate of Arusha National Park, Mkuru is easily recognizable from a distance because of the pyramid shaped Ol Doinyo Landaree Mountain. A Maasai dominated region there are traditional bomas scattered throughout and one gets to see the Maasai way of life. Since the introduction of camels in Tanzania since the early 90s, Mkuru has become a centre for camel promotion with over a hundred camels in the camel camp.

A visit to Mkuru includes:

• A visit to the camel camp at the foot of Mount Meru

• A thorough explanation of the way camels are kept in the semi-arid plains

• Camel safaris varying in length from half a day to one week

• Bird-watching walks through the plains • A climb up Ol Doinyo Landaree

• A view into the culture and daily life of the Maasai

• A cup of fresh camel milk

Different tours are on offer:

Camel camp experience At the camel camp walks between the camels and watch their ways. At night relax by a campfire under the stars and listen to the sounds of the plains. In the morning you can see the Maasai milking the camels and you may enjoy a cup of fresh camel milk. Camel ride From the camel camp take a camel ride through the plains. Guided by Maasai warriors, view game and birds in the area. Mt. Meru, Mt. Kilimanjaro, and the Longido Mountain add to the beauty of the scenery. Camel safaris Camel safaris for more days can be arranged with tour operators. Starting from the camp, safaris can be made to Kilimanjaro, Longido Mountain and Lake Natron. A two day tour of Mt. Kilimanjaro passing through the wildlife corridor between Amboseli National Park and Tarangire and Arusha National Park can be organized. A three day safari takes you to Longido Mountain while a four day safari is enough time to make it to the mountain of Kitumbeine. For the more adventurous a seven day safari an be organized via the mountains of Kitumbeine and Ol Doinyo Lengai to the shores of Lake Natron. During camel safaris about 20 km are covered before lunchtime after which you can relax and explore the are around the camp. Bird walk Bird watching is an interesting option, with Maasai guides to identify the species found in the semi-arid area. The rufous crowned roller the red and yellow barbet and Fischer’s lovebird are some of the species likely to be spotted. Climbing Ol Doinyo Landaree It takes about 2 hours to reach the summit and an hour and a half to descend. From the top you can enjoy a panoramic view of Mount Meru and the Maasai plain. Around Meru adventure safari This includes a walking safari through the natural forests on the slopes of Mt. Meru and a game drive around the Momela Lakes. On the first day leave Arusha and take an afternoon game drive around Momela Lakes. Spend the night at Momela Lodge. Next morning walk through the natural forests on the slopes of Mount Meru. In the afternoon proceed to the Mkuru camel camp. The next day enjoy a camel ride and return late afternoon via the west side of Mount Meru to Arusha. Getting there: To get to Mkuru by public transport from Arusha first go to the USA River to change the bus to Ngarenanyuki village, which is 5 km past Arusha National Park. From the village the camel camp is a 5 km walk. Monduli Juu Monduli Juu situated 50 km north west of Arusha is a cluster of four small villages – Emairete, Enguiki, Eluwai and Mferji. The following is on offer to visitors: A picturesque journey through the evergreen rain forest A medicine tour of plants and herbs which includes a visit to a traditional Maasai herbs doctor A visit to Naramatu – a small factory where Maasai women make ethnic jewellery A chance to have a nyama choma or roast meat meal with the Maasai Panoramic views of the Rift valley Oldonyo Lengai and Lake Natron An insight into the culture of the Maasai and Waarusha There are tours available for half day full day and two/three/four days: Half day tours 1. The Kona Saba escarpment climb The tour starts at Mfereji village and includes a visit to a Maasai boma a walk through tree savanna to the escarpment and the ascent to the top from where you get panoramic views over the Rift Valley 2. The evergreen rainforest tour Start from Enguiki and walk to the eastern peak of the Monduli mountains. Enroute to a water source, see trees birds and animals. Full day tour Medicine herbs tour The tour starts at Emairete dam and takes you past the Maasai church primary school and kindergarten project up to Naramatu. Further up the mountain enjoy the scenic views. Savour lunch in a Maasai boma before visiting a traditional Maasai herbs doctor. Two day tour Olkarya tour Visit the Esserian Maasai camp and Sominen dam site a Maasai boma and orpul – a traditional Maasai meat camp – on the first day. On the second day walk to Olkaray the red clay that is used by the Maasai to color their facer and hair. Three day tour Ilmorjo-Enguiki tour On the first day visits the Esserian Maasai Camp and Sominen dam site. Next day walk through Oliyamei Valley Sokoine dam and the dipping tank. Spend the night at Naramatu Camp On the third day visit Enguiki and Bismarck’s palace. Four day tour Comprehensive tour from Enguiki Norkuman Camp for three nights in Enguiki village. On the first day visit the famous water hole and ascend to the Lona saba escarpment. On the second day go to Mfereji and a Maasai boma. On the third visit the primary school dispensary and Monduli forest in Enguiki villager. On the last day visit Emairete village to see the ex-eye hospital primary school dispensary and kindergarten project. Customised tours can be organized.

Getting there

From Arusha bus stand there are buses going to Monduli Juu. The duration from Arusha to Monduli Juu is about 11/2 hours. Mto wa Mbu Mto wa Mbu is situated on the way form Arusha to the national park in northern Tanzania just at the foot of the Rift valley. Located on the way to Ngorongoro and Serengeti it is an ideal resting place for most safari travelers.

A visit to Mto wa Mbu includes:

  • A walk through the farms in the green oasis at the foot to the Rift Valley
  • A climb to Balaa Hill from where you can see the whole town
  • A view into the culture of the many different tribes living in the area
  • A trip to the Miwaleni Lake and waterfall
  • Visits to development projects that aim at improving agriculture and start income generating activities for the farmers
  • Explanation about the irrigation system

Different tours are an offer

Farming tour Walk through lush green farms of frits and vegetables and see the irrigation system used. Visit local banana beer producing Chagga families and Mzee Filipos oil press before ending the tour in fields carpeted with sunflowers. Papyrus Lake tour Walk past little streams as you go towards the Papyrus Lake. On the way see rice farming and visit Sandawe families who make traditions bows and arrows for hunting. A climb to the waterfall at the Rift Valley may be included in the tour. Balaa Hill tour Go through banana plantations where 30 varieties of bananas are grown as you head for Balaa Hill. Climb Balaa Hill to enjoy a panoramic view of Mto wa Mbu. You may extend the walk to the Njoro Springs and a nearby waterfall. One day walk You may combine the above three half day tours into a one day walk. Starting from the Mto wa Mbu Market, you go via the farm of ACT to the Papyrus Lake. On your way back, your walk along the foot of the Rift Valley passing the Njoro Springs and Balaa Hill. Other options A popular option is to see the place on bicycle or taking a boat tour with the guides. Getting there: From Arusha several buses go to Mto wa Mbu. Duration to reach is 3 hours by bus and 2 hours by car. Mulala The Mulala village is a typical rural setting on the southern slopes of Mt. Meru and surrounded by spectacular scenery. It lies 1,600 – 1,700 m above sea level and you wind your way up the mountain through a maze of lush green vegetation dotted with small farms. The women of Mulala Have united in the form of the Agape Women’s Group. Through this group they try to support economic activities of the members and start new income-generating projects like the Mulala Cultural Tourism Programmed. When you arrive there you will be warmly welcomed by the women. The Mulala women have organized the following: A tour of Mama Anna’s quaint cheese making unit this being the starting point of the tour A nice garden where you can relax and enjoy a beverage or a simple traditional meal Guided tours criss-crossing coffee and banana farms walking through the forest reserve or by the Marish river bank and enjoying spectacular views of Mt. Meru and Mt. Kilimanjaro Agape Women Traditional Activities tour (1 to 2 Hours) Visit the farms of the Agape Women’s Group. The women will explain their farming methods and show you the various economic activities they have started, like cheese-making, bread-making, flower seeds, chili growing and sewing. Mt. Meru forest reserve tour (1 to 2 hours) Walk into the forest reserve and climb up to the foothills of Mt. Meru, crossing the beautiful natural forest home to many species of birds and monkeys. Marisha river tour (2 hours) Enjoy the scenic Mairsha river bank thick with tropical vegetation and home to colourful birds and primates. The guide will show you the most common medicinal plants used by the villagers. You may continue to the Ziwa la Mzungu (Whiteman’s lake) to see a big colony of fruit bats. Lameka Hills tour (2 hours) Criss-cross the coffee and banana farms and head up Lemeka Hill for breath-taking views of Mt. Meru Kilimanjaro and of the Maasai plains. Also visit the farm of Moses Karoiya the traditional healer of the village. Getting there: Mulala is 30 km from Arusha. There are daily buses going towards Moshi. Get off before USA River board a bus to Ngani Co-operative Society and from there walk to Mama Anna’s place. Ngiresi Ngiresi is situated 7 km out of Arusha on the slopes of Mt Meru. It is inhabited by farmers of the Wa-Arusha tribe The villagers of Ngiresi and Olgilai have the following on offer for visitors: A guided tour to farms on the lush slopes of Mt. Meru A visit to several development projects in the village – soil conservation irrigation cross breeding bio-gas A climb to Kivesi Hill an old volcano with a natural forest on the top A glimpse of the Wa-Arusha culture A walk to Songoto and Navutu waterfalls A delicious lunch and dinner prepared by the Juhudi Women’s Group Different tours have been organized. Visitors can choose between half and full day tours: Half day tours 1. Village tour Visit Mzee Liti`s farm for a coffee and tea and get an explanation on bio-gas cross-breeding and soil conservation projects on the farm. Walk to the nearby bomas to see the various styles of traditional Maasai and Wa-arusha houses and enjoy a beautiful view of Arusha town and the surrounding Maasai plain. Descend Lekimana Hill to visit the Ngiresi primary school and return to Lotis farm for lunch. 2. Songota waterfall The tour starts from Kwangulelo bus stop. A 45-minute walk takes you to the Songota waterfall in Oldadai village. Visit Mzee Loti’s farm and visit the bio-gas and soil conservation projects traditional houses and school. Full day tours 1. Navuru waterfall and village tour From Mzee Lotis farm do the half day tour combined with a walk to the Olgilai forest reserve. A small path leads you to the steep canyon of the Themi river. Cross the river to reach the Navuru waterfall. 2 Village and Forest tour The village tour can be combined with a visit to the forest on the higher slopes of Mt. Meru. The spring waters that are the main source of water for the village commence here. At the edge of the forest, meet a traditional healer. Two day tour After a full day tour spend the night camping at Mzee Loti’s farm. Next morning start for a climb to Kivesi Hill. Descend on the other side and return to Arusha. Other tours can be arranged on request. A traditional medicine tour is an interesting option during which you meet a traditional healer and walk along the slopes or Mt. Meru collecting hers and plants that have been used by the locals for thousands of years. The guide will help in identifying and collecting samples of the different species.

Oldonyo Sambu Oldonyo Sambu is located 36 km north-west of Arusha on the highway to Nairobi. The centre of operations is Oldonyo Sambu Market (also known as Maiko Market) The programme includes the following: Short hikes up the hills to view the beautiful Maasai land and to get a glimpse of Mt. Kilimanjaro, Mt. Meru, Longido and Kitumbeine Visits to traditional Maasai bomas, Markets and watering dams Visits to a traditional healer and the centre of Maasai women specializing in making ornaments Study walks to a historic tower tribal holy trees and water springs Horse, camel and donkey rides across Maasai country. There are various tour options available: Half day tours 1. The safari starts with a visit to a Maasai boma to see the traditional lifestyle of the tribe. Hike up the Oldonyo-Was Hill to view the surrounding plains and villages. Later head to the centre of Maasai women specializing in ornament making and to the historic tower a reminder of colonialism. Trek to a holy fig tree and thereon to a water spring. 2. Start by hiking up the Meru Hill to view Mt. Kilimanjaro, Mt. Meru, Longido Kitumbeine and Monduli. Rest in a Maasai boma before heading to meet a traditional healer. Full day tours 1. Hike up the Oldonyo – was Hill, then rest in a Maasai bome before heading to meet a traditional healer. Visit the watering dams and a traditional meat camp or orpul. Proceed to the fields and to watch livestock in the lush pastures of the Maasai. Nearby is a zoo with Marabou storks, leopards and colobus monkeys. Time permitting, you will be shown the local method of bee-keeping. 2. Start by hiking up Mareu Hill to view Mt. Kilimanjaro, Mt. Meru, Longido Kitumbeine and Monduli. Later rest in a Maasai boma and visit a traditional healer. Go on to see the holy fig tree, water spring meat camp and historic tower. End the journey with a meal prepared by the Maasai women. Overnight tour A tailor-made overnight tour can be organized to include a visit to a Maasai boma, Maasai market and traditional healer. Go to the pastures to learn about Maasai livestock and enjoy a traditional nyama choma or roast meat meal. Getting there: Drive down the Nairobi road to the Oldonyo Sambu Market. On arrival you will see the signs leading to the office. Osotwa Cultural Tours Initiatives Osotwa is situated 1.9 km off the Arusha – Nairobi road from Ngaramtoni junction. Osotwa is a programme by the people dwelling on the slopes of Mt. Meru blessed with rich and diverse natural heritage. There are tours available for half day, full day and full day one night. The following is on offer Walks through nine identified villages in the Arumeru district. You will go with Maasai eco-tour guides to meet people, enjoy part of Tanzania A view into the culture of the Maasai in the 11 larusa settlement A lunch of traditional East Africa food and Maasai herbal tea or locally grown and processed coffee Visit to the colourful Maasai markets on Thursday and Sunday A climb up the impressive Sambasha Hill (2000m) an old volcano with a crater and natural forest on top. Watch birds, butterflies, colobus and blue monkeys and enjoy a wonderful view of Arusha town A visit to Kitakuk Hill – Osotwa`s Environmental Conservation Project where 18,000 indigenous trees are planted A visit to historic and ritual sites A visit to a Maasai traditional healer and a craft village Visits to community development projects that aim at improving the living conditions through income generating and environmental conservation activities A visit to Olmotonyi forestry training institute A visit to Meru / USA forest plantations A visit to a sawmill complex in the Mt. Meru area Half day tours 1. Walk across the boundary of Meru / Usa Forest Plantation and the villages adjacent to the forest. Observe farming activities, the Olmotonyo river valley, blue monkey’s white and black colobus monkeys and birds. Climb the Sambasha Hill (2,000m) to see a mini crater and proceed to Kitakuk Hill to see an environmental project. Get a glimpse of Maasai culture before returning to the Osotwa office. 2. Start from the Osotwa office and pass the primary and secondary schools. Enjoy the scenic plateau land covered with banana plantations and coffee farms. Walk through the villages and learn about the Selian and Ngarenaro rivers and a unique strangler tree. Visit a traditional healer, and bead and handicraft makers. Full day tours Start at the Osotwa office and walk through the Meru/ Usa Forest Plantation and along Olmotonyi river to Sambasha Hill. Enjoy a view over Arusha town and see white and black colobus monkeys and blue monkeys, a caldera and many birds. Visit a boma where you will be served a hot traditional Tanzania meal. Later meet a traditional healer, and makers and other handicrafts. Getting there: There are buses from Arusha to Ngaramtoni bus stand or travel by private transport up to the same junction. There you will be met by the eco-tour guides to take you to the Osotwa office.

Gemuka Adventures
Gemuka Investment Co. Limited
  • Boma Road, New Safari Hotel. Floor No 03. Room Number 423, Arusha, Tanzania
  • +255785463870, +255763850133, +255679855011, +255754885639

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